As the world confronts fresh threats, ranging from new great powers determined to challenge the existing International order to apocalyptic non-state armed groups determined to destroy that order entirely, there is renewed urgency to consider questions about the justice of war. Thankfully, in this important new book, Paul D. Miller shows how we can do that. It combines a rare blend of sophisticated and careful historical analysis that yields not one but three just war traditions, with the sort of insight into the critical dilemmas of today that can only stem from practical experience on the front line. Doing so, it both expertly illuminates the past in a fresh way and provides a compelling moral framework for thinking about, and debating, the challenges we face today, and will come to face tomorrow." Alex J. Bellamy, author of Just Wars: From Cicero to Iraq (2006).
"Miller explicates the core presuppositions of Augustinian realism, such as order and justice, and important intersections with classical liberalism, in the context of ¡ntractable conflicts, such as in Afghanistan. This is a thoughtful, useful book on the many issues of just war thinking, especially when it comes to ¡us post bellum and ending wars well."
Eric Patterson, author of Just American Wars: Ethical Dilemmas in U.S. Military History (2018)
"Paul D. Miller's latest book is a well-written, well-crafted meditation on both the actual and intellectual history of the justice of political violence. Gripping current topics - from drones to cyber to Syria - are considered. Combining his own extensive military ¡ntelligence expertise (especially in Afghanistan) with his deep theoretical knowledge, Miller builds a meaty, rewarding, important volume focusing on when - if ever - to go to war, and which duties arise in its aftermath. Terrific in breadth, research, application, and overall construction, its best achievement resides in its combination of historical mastery and moral plausibility."
Brian Orend, author of The Morality ofWar (2013) and War and Political Theory (2019)